Man, culture and civilisation
In the thirties anthropological science radically retreated from its naturalistic and metaphysical traditions and started asserting an integral (holistic) approach. The adaptation of a holistic strategy to the levels of body vs. consciousness and man vs. environment lead to the research of the concrete condition of the Slovene world. When it was established that civilisation had a dehumanising effect on man, reform efforts in anthropology were encouraged. The opinion then preoaded that it is possible to change existing conditions, if man develops his individual potential. This idea actuated a process in which education becomes more anthropological. Educational means are used to make man aware of cultural values. If culture is expected to be transformative for the
individual, it must be universal.